THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF JA SOLAR

Posted in Dari Meja Ketua Menteri

 

SPEECH BY CHIEF MINISTER OF PENANG
AT THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF JA SOLAR
ON 23 OCTOBER, 2015

Good morning.
It gives me great pleasure to be present here this morning to officiate the opening ceremony of JA Solar Holdings’ first solar cell manufacturing facility in Penang, and in Malaysia. I am proud that JA Solar has chosen this location as its first manufacturing facility launched outside of China.

In recent years, Malaysia has become a frontrunner for solar manufacturers especially from China, and the world. Our strategic location in South-East Asia, favorable tax incentives, highly skilled and educated workers and engineers, reliable industry infrastructure and cost competitive environment make us attractive to high performance solar manufactures like JA Solar.

Ladies and gentlemen,

We believe Penang’s continuous and concerted initiatives to create a business an investment friendly environment together with the support from government related investment and environmental agencies like Malaysian Investment Development Authority (MIDA), Department of Environment (DOE) and InvestPenang, will help further strengthen Malaysia’s aspiration to become the preferred host to the largest solar industry in the world.

JA Solar Holdings is a NASDAQ listed company, and is one of the world’s leaders in solar cell production and shipments. Today’s launch of JA Solar’s facility in the Bayan Lepas Industrial Park marks yet another milestone the development of Malaysia’s solar energy industry as it will enrich the photovoltaic industry value chain.

JA Solar has invested over RM220 million to produce high performance silicon-based solar cells here. Advanced systems have been installed for manufacturing, environmental management and pollution control. This tier-one company’s stringent manufacturing processes are safe and clean, and do not use any radioactive materials or cadmium which is highly toxic. JA Solar has pledged its commitment to continuously develop environmentally green renewable energy to ease energy shortages as well as preserve the environment.

Another point to note is JA Solar will be providing approximately 700 jobs at this site. The company will also generate new high income jobs in Environment, Health and Safety (EHS) and Technology for many of its workers.

On that note, we congratulate JA Solar on this auspicious occasion and we thank JA Solar for making Penang and Malaysia your investment and manufacturing location of choice.
Thank you.

 

LAUNCH OF 50 HIGH SPEED FREE WIFI HOTSPOTS

Posted in Dari Meja Ketua Menteri

LAUNCH OF 50 HIGH SPEED FREE WIFI HOTSPOTS
OCTOBER 21, 2015

SPEECH BY YB LIM GUAN ENG
CHIEF MINISTER OF PENANG


1. Salutations.

2. Good afternoon everyone. Thank you for lending us your support today as we celebrate another significant development for the Penang Free WiFi service in public places.

3. As most of you here are aware, the Penang government launched the Free WiFi Service in public places in 2009. We were the first in the country to offer free broadband access to the public at 750 free wifi hotspots in specific public areas in the island and Butterworth.

4. Our objective was simple – we want to make the Internet easily accessible to everyone at any time. And judging from the number of registered users that we have today, which is about 600,000, I can say that we have achieved our aim.

5. We are indeed very happy that the free WiFi service in public places continues to be so popular, not just amongst Penang residents but tourists as well.

6. Today, six years after the launch, we have gradually increased the number of free WiFi hotspots to 1,560 in the island itself and the mainland, something that the public will be pleased to know, I am sure.

7. In addition to enabling more people access the free service, we have also as recently as February this year, upgraded the bandwidth from 75Mbps to 375Mbps. This piece of good news was welcomed by many as it meant that Internet users can get faster speed of up to 1Mbps. Previously it was 512kbps.

8. This is all part and parcel of the state government’s on-going efforts to make the free WiFi service experience a good one.

9. Today, I am here to share more happy news – you can now enjoy high speed Internet when you use the Penang Free WiFi Service!! Yes, that’s right.

10. 50 high speed WiFi hotspots are now available in the Heritage and KOMTAR areas. The speed that you will be getting is 3Mbps compared to the 1Mbps at the other WiFi hotspots.

11. With the faster speed now at your fingertips, I hope users will be able to do more things better, for example when downloading videos and images. Overall, their web browsing experience will be enhanced at these 50 high speed hotspots. The Penang State Government believes that faster internet or digital broadband speed is a necessary and sufficient condition to become a high-income economy and developed country. Whilst the Communication and Multimedia Minister may prefer lower broadband speeds, this is just like the declaring that we can move forward by going backwards. The Penang State Government intends to showcase a model of faster broadband speed vis-a-vis a slower one as to whether it is the faster Penang version or the slower one that will attain international and intelligent city status which is cleaner, greener, safer and healthier.

12. It is my pleasure to officially launch the 50 high speed 3Mbps free WiFi hotspots in public places in Penang.

13. Thank you all for joining us here today at this special occasion. I hope that you will take the opportunity and be among the first to enjoy the free high speed access.

 

Penang: A High-Income Model For Malaysia Through Inclusive Growth (EN/CN)

Posted in Dari Meja Ketua Menteri

 

Speech by Chief Minister of Penang, Malaysia, Lim Guan Eng At Oxford University, England.
Title: "Penang: A High-Income Model For Malaysia Through Inclusive Growth"
Venue: T.S. Eliot Lecture Theatre, Merton College, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Date: 14th October 2015

PENANG AS AN ENTREPRENEURIAL STATE

1. It gives me great pleasure to once again to be at the TS Eliot Lecture Theatre at Merton College in Oxford University. The last time I was here was on the 29th of May, 2013, a few weeks after the 2013 general elections when I was hosted by the Oxford University Malaysia Club. This time, I have the honour of being hosted by the Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford University thanks to Datuk Seri Nazir Tun Razak.

2. Reading through the profile of this very new school in the hallowed halls of Oxford University, I cannot help but be amazed by its many accomplishments since its establishment in 2010. In the 3 years since the first class of Masters in Public Policy (MPP) students were admitted in 2012, you have now grown to a cohort of 119 students from 55 countries for the class of 2015, including two Malaysians (Mark Hew and Yew Ren Chung).

3. During this short period, you have also attracted a diverse group of world class researchers and scholars including Professor Sir Paul Collier, the author of the Bottom Billion; Professor Winnie Yip, director of the Global Health Policy Program here at Oxford and last but certainly not least, Professor and Dean Ngaire (“nyree) Woods, Dean of the school as well as an expert in the areas of global economic governance and global development.

4. MPP students are no doubt interested in not just learning about public policy but also discerning for themselves the types of public policies which are effective in different contexts. I want to share with you some of my experiences as Chief Minister of Penang in the past 7 years and in particular, some thoughts on how we put in place an “Entrepreneurial State” in order to achieve the status of a High Income economy through inclusive growth. And I shall approach this from the angle of good governance; dynamic smart economy that is sustainable and collaborative; social inclusion; talent building; liveability and the environment.

Penang Attaining High-Income Economy Status In 2015 Hobbled By The 30% Depreciation In The Ringgit.
5. A short introduction of Penang, the second smallest state in Malaysia with a land size of only 1,048 square kilometres and a population of 1.7 million people, with no natural resources but has progressed to achieve high-income economy status through good governance, rule of law, integrity in leadership and sheer human talent.

6. The World Economic Forum Human Capital Report defined a high-income economy as one whose Gross Domestic Product or GDP per capita reaches USD$12,467 or RM 40,841 based on the then exchange rate of RM3.27 for USD$1 in 2014. Penang was expected to achieve a GDP per capita of RM42,251 based on a population of 1,681,922 people and a GDP of RM71,063 million by this year 2015. Penang’s GDP per capita of RM42,251 would have exceeded the benchmark of RM40,841 to become a high-income economy.

7. However I wish to lay an important caveat that the precipitous drop in the value of the ringgit due to extraneous factors such as the 1MDB RM42 billion financial scandals on world currency markets, makes Penang technically not a high-income economy this year. Instead of RM40,841 as the benchmark to achieve high-income status, the drop in the ringgit means that the benchmark has been increased to RM50,000. Of course should the value of the ringgit recover, hopefully by next year when all the political and financial scandals are resolved, then Penang can be restored to our rightful status as a high-income economy.

Business of Government Is Not To Get Into Business
8. The term “entrepreneurial state” is associated with Ms Mariana Mazzucato, and she is now one of the key economic advisers to the newly elected leader of the Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn together with other economic heavyweights including Nobel Prize Winner, Joe Stiglitz; Thomas Piketty; and your very own Professor Simon Wren-Lewis, a faculty member at the Blavatnik School of Government.

9. Her primary argument is for a wealth-creating agenda based on collaboration amongst “wealth-creators” involving not just business but also workers, public institutions, and civil-society organizations. Ms Mazzucato makes a strong proposition that the state can lead the way in investing in risky areas especially in research and development, innovation as well as retraining and upskilling, which the private sector would not touch. This is a strong counterpoint to the current mainstream thinking that those who govern best govern least and let the private sector do its job.

10. In Penang, we are shaping a progressive economic policy that is investment-led, inclusive, and sustainable to create wealth through a public-private partnership that drives long-term growth and productivity. In many respects Penang is an entrepreneurial state except that we do not believe in becoming involved in market outcomes, especially competing with business in accordance with our mantra of “the business of government is not to get into business”.

11. In Penang as an entrepreneurial state, we see ourselves providing a catalytic role in providing public goods and services, basic communications infrastructure and spurring the development of key risky industries. But in other areas, especially where the private sector has a proven track record, the role of the government is to reinvent government and leave business to the private sector.

RM1.2 Billion Fish Farm Industry From The Benefits Of Reinventing Government
12. Let me illustrate this with an example which may surprise some of you.

13. Many of you who have visited Penang or are familiar with Penang would associate Penang with a number of things – a rich, diverse culture and peoples; a thriving electronics and electrical (E&E) industry; and of course, our wonderful food. But very few of you would think of fish farming when you think of Penang. It would surprise you to learn that this industry grew from basically nothing in 2008 to a RM1.2 billion ringgit (180 million pounds) industry 7 years later!

14. Much as I would love to claim credit, this amazing transformation was done without spending a single penny but merely dependent on reinventing government. The previous government benefitted its cronies with one or two chosen individuals being given thousands of hectares of sea, which they then sub-let to genuine operators under the classic rentier system. This is described by some as predatory capitalism.

41. Further the low unemployment rate is translated to households in Penang enjoying household income growth of 7.6% annually between 2012 and 2014. As a result of these progressive policies, our Gini Coefficient has been reduced from 0.42 in 2009 to 0.37 in 2012, an improvement of 11% over 3 years. While Penang’s Gini coefficient is better than Malaysia’s rate of 0.42, we still have some ways to go before we reach the Scandinavian levels of income inequality.


Enabling, Empowering And Enriching the People
42. Penang has consistently been rated one of the most liveable cities in Asia – the 8th in Asia according to ECA International and of course the most liveable in Malaysia. We have the best street food in the world. We have a UNESCO World Heritage site in George Town. We are committed to making Penang the first bicycle and green state in Malaysia en route to being the premier destination to invest, learn, work, play and eat.

43. The present debt crisis have shown that income inequality can not be solved by free markets. Free markets are said to be better than the state in provision of goods and services except a pro-market “rule of law”. However, investment public goods such as infrastructure, basic social services, research and development, innovative technologies can only be done by the “entrepreneurial” state, provided that the state exit at the earliest opportune moment to prevent undue interference. We are still learning to grapple about when to exit so as not to throw good money after bad or divert resources for other worthwhile ventures.

44. In the short time which I have been given, I have tried to paint vignettes of how Penang’s development is based on certain principles that are based on good governance and transparent decision making which enables them with skills and education, empowers with rights and responsibilities and enriches the people by sharing in economic wealth.

45. Whilst we are focused on providing a better life for our voters, we realise that we can only win the future by investing in education. Whilst embracing the challenges of globalisation, we will not shy away from preparing the young for the future as well as prepare the future for young.

46. I hope that in the course of your MPP program, you will get a taste of what it’s like to be involved in public policy, perhaps via your summer internship programs, in a tangible manner. I would like to invite to see for yourself what we have done in Penang.

47. Thank you and good luck!

LIM GUAN ENG

-- CN --

槟州首席部长林冠英于2015年10月14日在英国牛津大学(T.S. Eliot Lecture Theatre, Merton College) 主讲“槟城:通过包容性增长(Inclusive Growth)为马来西亚打造一个高收入典范”,摘译如下:

槟城是创业才干型州属

由于马币贬值30%,槟城欲在2015年成为高收入经济的期望受阻。
根据世界经济论坛人力资本报告界定,当国内生产总值达人均收入为1万2千467美元,或4万零841令吉(以2014年1美元兑3令吉27仙为准),就能称为高收入经济体。而槟州在马币大幅贬值上付出了代价,事缘我们理应在今年走向高收入经济体,但现在却被拖回中等收入的阶段。

原本我们以4万零841令吉就能晋身成为高收入经济体,但,现在马币贬值28%,意味着标准已提高到5万2千令吉。根据原先预测,槟州今年的国内生产总值将达人均收入4万2251令吉,这个预测建基于168万1922人口,以及2015年国内生产总值710亿6300万令吉之上。按此推算,槟州的国内生产总值达人均收入4万千251令吉,易言之,我们已达4万零841令吉高收入经济体标准。
由于许多世界货币市场的外在因素如:一马金融丑闻,导致技术上槟城无法在今年成为高收入经济体。令吉的下跌意味着上述标准提高至5万令吉。当然,我们希望明年一旦政治、金融丑闻明朗化获得解决后,令吉价值回稳,槟城可以名正言顺成为高收入经济体。

政府以不做生意为本份

槟城是一个创业才干的州属,但是我们不相信干预市场结果,特别是与商业竞争,我们相信政府以从不做生意为本份。

我们把政府视为提供公共用品、服务、基本建设的催化剂,我们也刺激关键工业的发展。

政府从12亿令吉的渔产养殖业中再创造

你会惊讶,这个行业从2008年从零开始,七年后市值达12亿令吉。

政府不花一分一毫,而是通过政府再造。前朝政府拨出几千公顷的海面给一、两个朋党让他们谋利,他们通过典型的寻租出租给真正的养殖业者,就是一些人形容的掠夺性资本主义。

我们停止这种朋党资本主义,把执照发给真正的养殖场主人,限制养殖范围为8000平方公尺,年租定为3600令吉。我们创建了一个核对列表,满足所有条件才能获批准,批准结果必须三个月内公布,造就了今天价值12亿令吉的渔产业。


栽培人才避免毕业生失业

槟州经济的主要驱动器就是人才,虽然槟城失业率创全国历史新低1.2%, 我们面对人力资源短缺问题,槟州主要的雇主不断地投诉具技能的工人不足,这是对症下药提供培训避免毕业生失业。

槟州政府与槟城技术与发展中心联办德国双元制教职计划 。
州政府不只拨出200万令吉赞助这批学生的费用,这些学生每个月还可以从参与的公司获得900令吉的最低薪金。 这意味着他们领钱读书。这从教职计划源自一流员工的德国。我们要证明这种世界级的双元制教职计划可以成为高收入及高附加价值的工作,特别是在制造业。

社会包容性

自2008年开始,槟州政府在除贫方面提供生活在贫穷线下790令吉的家庭“加额”补贴,换句话说,如果一个家庭月入500令吉,州政府将补贴290令吉。此举成功地消除了州内的赤贫。

但是,我们意识到现金补贴形成“依赖”恶习,也破除不了贫穷的恶性物质循环。因此,槟州政府正从无条件现金补贴转型至“条件式补贴”,接受州政府补贴的家庭必须确保他们的孩子身体健康、注射疫苗、上学、学业成绩进步。

很多人会惊讶,我们把40%的中低收入者吸纳为垃圾清理工人。在马来西亚没有公民会在肮脏、艰难及危险的环境中成为垃圾清理工人。但是我们为垃圾清理工人提供月薪1300令吉(比最低薪金还高出400令吉),2500个空缺却接获超出10倍人数的申请。他们都是大马公民不是外国人。与其把合约交给私人承包商来聘请外国劳工担任垃圾清理工人,我们指示威省市政局从承包商手中收回工作,让他们以更高薪水聘请本地工人。这项计划让我们比从前花费超出40%或3000万令吉,但是至少我们养活2500个家庭,而不是让私人承包商享有利益。

在包容性增长方面,我们也必须确保环境可持续。州政府是全马第一个禁止免费塑料袋的州属,在2014年槟城达致32.8%的再循环率,全马居冠,我们放眼2020年达40%再循环率,为全国目标的两倍。我们也计划在全州铺建脚车道。

我们也设立了一个10亿令吉的公众基金来兴建可负担房屋,我们通过公开招标、价格者得的方式,拍卖槟岛的一块土地获得这笔创建基金。我们的公开招标也获得大马总稽查司及国际透明组织的表扬。

我们能够为40%的低下层提供这么多的社会福利计划,是因为我们明显地改善政府的财务。我们的现金储备增加50%,债务减免90%,财政预算在2008年至2013年期间出现盈余达4亿5300万令吉,当中我们把2亿8700万令吉用在社会福利计划,帮助有需要的人及弱势群体。我们将12%的年度预算用在这些社会包容性计划。

低失业率也意味着槟城的家庭收入在2012年至2014年之间增长7.6%。随着我们推出上述进步的政策,槟州的基尼系数从2009年的0.42下跌至2012年0.37,三年内进步了11%。虽然我们的基尼系数比全国的0.42表现还好,但是我们要达到北欧式的收入平等还有很长的一段路。

启迪民智、赋权予民、富国强民

槟城持续被ECA International列为亚洲第八名的宜居城市。我们有全世界最美味的街头美食。我们拥有联合国世界文化遗产城。我们立志打造槟城成为全马第一个脚车绿州,能让人们踏遍投资、上学、工作、玩乐及饮食目的地。

目前的债务危机已经显示自由市场不能解决贫富悬殊的问题。自由市场可说是比政府分配商品及服务好,除了亲市场的“法治”。但是,公共货物的投资如基建 、基本社会服务、研究及发展、创新技术只能通过企业才干型州属才能出现,州政府也必须在适当时机退出市场以避免不适当的干预。我们还在学习什么时候才是政府放手的良机,以免赔了夫人又折兵,、花钱来填无底洞,或把资源转移到其它更有价值的事业。

林冠 英